Megalitter i Tyskland


Primært i Nordtyskland, der var beboet i denne periode.

Tyskland

Kleinenkneter Steine 2

An irregeluar shaped enclosure, 34m in length and 6 to 8m wide surrounding 3 burrial chambers. The stones of the middle chamber are proportionally smaller than those of the other two.

Hunedbed II, as well as hunebed I, was excavated between 1934 and 1939. Over 10,000 pieces of pottery, some stone axes, amber beads and a small copper disc were found. This very impressive hunebed (I made about 80 photos ;-) is located 4km south of the city of Wildeshausen in the county of Oldenburg (OL): 52° 51.77' N 008° 26.23' E



Reckum (2)

Chamberred Tomb in Lower Saxony

Chambered tomb measuring 19.5 Meters by 1.5 Meters consisting of 10 capstones, and numerous uprights.

It is believed the site once had a 26 Meter long Perimeter enclosure.

NE - SW orientation.

27 Meter Altitude



Hünengrab 937

Chambered Tomb in Lower Saxony, Bremen

Chambered tomb in Relatively poor condition consisting of about 8 uprights and only one remainign capstone in woods 30 meters south of Visbeker Bräutigam.



Krumme Schneider

Standing Stone (Menhir) in Lower Saxony, Bremen

This stone is called the "krumme Schneider," meaning the bent over taylor.



Gross Roennau Steingrab

Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg

Gross Roennau has a nice big informational map in the 'center' of the village, but there is no info about this fascinating Dolmen at all.

As there is almost no information on this tomb on the web, I took a closer look at Gross Roennau in Google Earth. I searched for little spots, that might be a stone tomb.

With 4 different coordinates in my TomTom I was on my way. After 2 tries, I crossed the village once again, and saw a lady working in her garden and asked her.

Her first somewhat angry face lightened up and yes, she told me the way. But she said, most likely I cannot access it because it is hidden in a corn field.

I followed her instructions, and found a corn field. Well, at least now i knew where it should be, and prepared for third attempt later this year.

Back to car, a short look arround, suddenly i discovered a strange shape through the bushes, on a field nearby.

And there it was, right there in the middle of a field, standing there like a monument...

P.S.:

This tomb was almost sold and destroyed in 1838. A guy named Peter von Timm safed it.



Albertsdorf Dolmen (Fehmarn)

Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg

On the island Fehmarn, Baltic Sea.

Very close to the beach, a surfers paradise, now in a little forest, there is one of the few remaining tombs on Fehmarn Island.

Not much place there, you can just walk arround it, so i couldn't get a nice total shot.

One of the uprights is missing. Trivia: In the 19th century this dolmen was used as a landmark for passing ships. There was no forest then, so they painted a big white cross on the capstone (check picture on official sign).

This may have saved the dolmen from destruction.



Bunsoh Megalithgrab mit Schalenstein

One of the most important burial chambers in the north of Germany, located near the town of Albersdorf.

There is a seperate parking place at N 54.163661 E 9.304642. The path to the grave is beautiful too. like enchanted.

The burial hill is still there, just the top was opened. so the tomb itself is in a bowl. But the important thing here is the famous 'Schalenstein'. its surface is covered with markings and carvings. there are four handprints, and a circle with a cross.



Schalenstein Hellingst

Cup and Ring marks / Rock Art in Lower Saxony, Bremen

Cup-marked erratic granite block. It was found near Hellingst approximately 3km North from its current location. There are at least 12 heavily weathered cup-marks on the surface. Dating most probably 3500 – 4000 BP. The site is signposted and part of a hiking trail leading to several prehistoric sites (including two megalithic tombs)



Wahrsteene Klein Berssen

Remains of a large passage grave near Sögel in Lower Saxony.

The chamber is orientated approximately East-West. The remaining stones are deeply embedded into the remains of the oval barrow. Maybe some of the missing orthostats are still covered. Chamber measuring approximately 15m x 3m (clear size 12m x 1,6m), originally covered by 7 capstones. 3m lateral passage at the centre of chamber's southern long-side. Obviously the destruction of the chamber was started in the West. Two capstones are missing (Capstone 2 and C3 counting from the West), only a fragment is preserved of the Westernmost (C1). The eastern chamber part with four pairs of orthostats is complete, but the 4 capstones (C4-C7) are out of place as the complete drywalling was removed.



Bordesholm Urdolmen

Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg

Urdolmen moved to here from Bissee.

No further info.

see http://www.bordesholm.de/kultur/wanderweg/kw9.html



Wingst Steingrab

Partly well preserved neolithic chambered tomb located West of village Dobrock at a forested ridge named “Wingst” in Lower Saxony. “Wingst” is a terminal moraine like the nearby “Westerberg”.

This tomb and the nearby “Steenaben” nowadays are the only survivors of a large group of neolithic chambers in this area. The remains of the chamber are orientated West-East. The westernmost capstone with the western chamber-endstone and the first pair of long-side orthostats are preserved in situ. The second orthostat of the northern long-side also is in place. The second capstone is still resting on this orthostat, but is fallen off the opposite orthostat in the South. This orthostat is moved downslope for 1m. Another partly covered stone is situated 1m further East. Its original function cannot be determined without excavation. All in all it is impossible to reconstruct the eastern part of the chamber. The original groundplan could only be clarified by an excavation.

Access:

From Dobrock drive West along “Krönckeweg” towards Wingst forest (Site not signposted in 2009). The road turns into a forest road. Park beside the forest road, when you reach the forest. 20m further West there is a junction with a forest road leading North-South. Walk N/NE (right) along this forest road for 500m. Then turn left into a forest road leading West. At this point you will also find the “Neue Königstanne” and a nearly rotten wooden sign “Steingrab”. Walk West for 100m and look for a track leading off SW (left) for 50m towards the tomb.



Barskamp Steingrab 7

Megalithic tomb near Lüneburg, Lower Saxony

Neolithic chambered tomb 8m x 3m within a trapezoid enclosure measuring 15m x 9m-5m. The chamber is comparatively well preserved except for the 6 missing capstones. Most enclosure stones are preserved, but partly out of place.



Gienau-Siecke Steingrab 1 Megalithic tomb near Lüneburg, Lower Saxony Fine neolithic tomb. Most probably the chamber originally was situated in a long barrrow. Some enclosure kerbstones remained. The chamber consists of 6 (all preserved) orthostats and one (the other one is missing) capstone in situ. It was restored in 1950.



European megaliths

The most familiar megalith - the dolmen is one of the major tourist attractions of Europe. It consists of stones that are held upright. These stones are called ‘orthostats’. They comprise of 1 or more capstones of flat nature which form the roof. Most of these contain human debris, but their usage in the form of burial sites is a debatable issue. Dolmens were known among the localites by the names ‘anta’ (Portugal), stazzone (Sardinia), hunebed (Holland), dys (Denmark), Hunengrab (Germany), and cromlech (Wales). It is a common belief that of the dolmens were, in fact, enclosed with earthen mounds.

The 2nd most familiar type of tomb is ‘the passage grave’. It usually consists of a circular, cruciform, or square chamber with corbelled or slabbed roof. This roof is said to be accessed by straight, long passageway, with covering of circular earth mound. At times, stone kerb also surrounds it externally. Prominent examples are inclusive of sites of Carrowmore and Bru na Boinne in Ireland, Gavrinis (France), and Maes Howe (Orkney).

The 3rd type of loan consists of a miscellaneous group called ‘gallery graves’. They consist of chambers axially arranged placed underneath lengthy mounds. The tombs belonging to this group include German Steinkisten, Long barrows of Britain, and court tombs of Ireland. There is another type known as the menhir or ‘single standing stone’. A few of these are said to bear an astronomical function such as foresight or a marker. Brittany’s Carnac is the best example of this type.

In certain parts of Ireland and Britain the best-known kind of megalith is ‘the stone circle’, the examples of which include Beltany, Brodgar’s Ring, Avebury, and Stonehenge. They also give proof of alignments related to astronomy, both- lunar and solar. For instance, Stonehenge is known for its alignment of solstice.



Externe referencer

For yderliger information, prøv at se på følgende hjemmesider:

A German Stonehenge?

Astronomical overview of megalithic sites in Germany

Goseck circle

Menhir Gollenstein 6,58 m. højt.

Menhir Spellenstein 5,05 m. højt.

Category:Dolmens in Germany

Altes Lager Menzlin











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