Megalitter i Sweitz
Da Sweitz ikke har noget hav og havet på denne tid var det eneste vej man kunne rejse, er der ikke
så mange mindesmærker her fra denne tid.
Alignment of over 20 menhirs with largest stone ca. 4 metres tall, in the middle of the Swiss
town of Lutry on lake Geneva. Dating from 1800 BC with one menhir originally
with engravings (human representation), which has been replaced with a reproduction.
Alignment in Kanton (County) Waadt / Vaud - District d'Yverdon.
Remarkable alignment on the outskits of the town near the beach. 45 Stones up to 4.5 Meters
tall, some humanoid shaped stones taken to Museum.
Two straight alignments intersect, and there is a third, semicircular alignment on the site.
No astronomical target has been identified.
Chambered Tomb in Baseland
Partially reconstructed Dolmen in glass pavilion at town gate but found on Wahlenstrasse. Originaly about 4 Meters by 3 Meters
Address: Rennimattstrasse 40,
About 600,000 years ago, temperatures sank and Europe was covered by glaciers almost completely. In Lucerne, central Switzerland, the thickness of the ice reached as much as about 1 km (3000 ft). Until about 30,000 years ago, several cold and warm periods followed each other, animals and men came to Europe and had to leave again. The focus of cultural development remained for thousands of years in the Middle East (Sumer, Babylon, Egypt), however.
A few traces of early hunters (weapons and tools made from stone splinters, bones of prey animals and human skeletons) dating back to a relatively warm period about 150,000 years ago have been found in several natural caves in eastern and western Switzerland at an altitude of some 1,000 to 1,500 m (3000 to 4,500 ft) above sea level. These people belonged to the species homo neanderthalensis that disappeared later in history. They hunted mainly big animals.
At about 40,000 B.C. modern man (homo sapiens) began to dominate and more sophisticated tools - still made from flintstone (silex), wood, animal bones and leather - were developed. In southern Europe (Altimira, Spain and Lascaux, France) paintings in caves have been found. The objects from this period found in Switzerland are less impressing - several pieces of reindeer antlers with engraved pictures of animals.
Middle Stone Age
From 15,000 B.C. on, the climate became milder and the glacier retreated definitely. Forests grew again, and smaller animals could be hunted while mammoth and reindeer retreated to northern Europe, followed by those people that wanted to stay with their traditional way of life.
The Neolithic Revolution
From 8,000 B.C. on technological progress became faster and faster: Rubbing stone with emery, new tools, cultivation of vegetables and livestock breeding and the invention of the wheel. This new know-how spread from the Middle East to Europe and reached Switzerland at about 5,000 B.C. - both via the Mediterranean Sea and Southern France (along river Rhone) and via the Black Sea, Hungary and Austria (along river Danube).
Megalithic Menhirs in Yverdon, Switzerland
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Category:Dolmens in Switzerland
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