Megalitter i Sverige

Skåne og Gotland.

Ales sten

Ales sten (på svensk: Ales stenar eller Ale stenar) er en imponerende 67 meter lang skibssætning med 58 store stene ved Kåseberga havn (dansk Kosseberg) i det sydøstlige Skåne. Er omtalt i litteraturen allerede i 1500'erne. Det formodes at de er rejst omkring 500 f.Kr.. Herudover er der fundet trækul i stensætningen, som er blevet kulstof-14 dateret til 1500 f.Kr.

Mærkeligt nok er ingen seriøs arkæologisk undersøgelse gjort, og dateringen er derfor meget vag og er på grund af skibets størrelse gjort til vikingetid. En lignende skibssætning med samme dimensioner findes i Lejre på Sjælland hvor man ved arkæologiske udgravninger har påtruffet flere grave. Lejre var i det mindste i vikingetid et vigtigt kult- eller tingsted og det er således ikke umuligt at Ales sten kan have haft samme status.

I senere tid har amatørforskere forsøgt at bevise at skibssætningen udgjorde et instrument for oldtidlige astronomiske observationer, men disse teorier er forkastet af den etablerede videnskab.



Kivik



Gotland



Smålandsstenar



Havängsdösen

Ales stenar

Ales stenar (Stones) is Sweden's largest preserved "ship setting" - stones set in the layout of a ship. We do not know for certain what function the stones have had through the ages, or what the ship setting symbolised for the people who created it. Ship settings67 metres long and 19 metres wide, Ales stenar is one of the largest ship settings in the Nordic region. It comprises 59 carefully selected stones weighing between 500 and 1800 kilos. Ship settings date from two periods - the late Bronze Age (ca. 3,000 - 2,500 years ago) and the early Iron Age (ca. 1,600 - 1,000 years ago). Archaeological tests can be used to determine the age of Ales stenar. The Carbon-14 dating system for organic remains provides seven results at the site. One dates the material at around 5,500 years old, whereas the remaining six indicate a date around 1,400 years ago, probably the most likely time that Ale stenar was created. Ales stenar - why was it built?Ship settings are generally regarded as burial monuments, and many of the settings found in Scandinavia do contain one or more graves. Yet no grave has ever been positively identified in the limited area that has been subject to archaeological research at Ales stenar.

If the site is not a grave, what function can the monument have had? One theory is that the ship setting was constructed to honour the crew of a ship who perished at sea. Another theory is that the ship was built to determine various times of the year. The alignment of the stones in relation to the sun is such that the sun sets over the north west tip of the monument at midsummer, and rises at the opposite tip at midwinter. For long periods the ship setting was covered by loose sand. In 1916, when the monument was first restored, only 16 of the 59 stones were standing upright. Sand was removed and the fallen stones were re-erected. In 1956 the area was restored for the second time, but unfortunately, no simultaneous archaeological investigations were carried out. Instead, the soil around the stones, which may have contained any number of finds, was transported away. Mystery of the stonesAles stenar has held a fascination for hundreds of years. There are numerous theories as to the function and significance of the ship, but very few indisputable truths. One sure fact, however, is that the site has never been such a visitor attraction as it is today. The mystery surrounding the purpose of the ship setting, the stunning location and wide open views attract more than 300,000 visitors every year. Travel directionsAles stenar is situated on the coast at Kåseberga in the county of Skåne in Southern Sweden, around ten kilometres south east of Ystad. The car park in Kåseberga has information signs giving directions to the monument, located some 700 metres away up on the ridge. In Kåseberga harbour there are a number of cafés, restaurants and fish smokehouses.



Bro stainkällingar

Standing Stones in Gotland

About 2 km North-East of Bro church, two picture stones standing in the middle of the field in their original place, are visible from the road. The centuries of weathering have made the pictures on their surfaces totally disappear.

The legend says that two women quarrelling on their way to church were turned into these stones.





Kauparve röse

This is certainly a cairn with a difference. You can see the tower or chimney shape of the central structure, surrounded by a clearly visible outer wall creating a "walking passage" around the tower. One of the two cists inside it can be seen in these photos. This is definitely one of the most attractive cairns in Gotland.

"The cairn, which was built in several stages, was about 3 metres high and 18 metres in diameter. Inside the tower-shaped inner part, which was open at the top, were found two cists, (stone coffins) with skeletons and grave-goods belonging to three individuals.

Around the tower is a wall half a metre high, which held the stones between the tower and the outer wall in place. Three Iron Age burials were found under these stones.

South of the cairn is a cist of limestone slabs.

In the Early Bronze Age (ca. 1800 - 1100 BCE), imposing burial structures of stone were erected at visible locations along the coasts and channels of communication. There are 400 such large cairns in Gotland.

Under the mounds of stones there are sometimes parts of buildings, such as walls and towers, or cists - coffins made of stone flags. Most cairns are burial places for several people. They were used over a long period.

Standing stones or a cist of limestone slabs can often be seen south of these cairns."





Rannarve skeppssättning

At Rannarve in Klintehamn, south of Visby, is a unique Bronze Age fleet of ships. Four ships of nine metres length are linked together in perfect linear formation.

In one of them was found a "house urn", a miniature of a Bronze Age house, in which the cremated body was placed.





Gnisvärd skeppssättning

Ship setting in Gotland. At Gnisvärd in Tofta, south of Visby, there are three ship formations of different sizes. All of them are set in line, as if out sailing together. The largest one is 45 metres long and 7 metres wide. That makes it the biggest "ship setting" on Gotland.

Most ships contained only one body in the grave. The body had been cremated, the bones crushed and washed and placed in an urn. Often the urn had the shape of a house. Sometimes small household items were buried with the body, such as a shaving knife or other grooming equipment.

There is also a Bronze Age cairn and other smaller graves along the linear path. On the other side of the road are the remains of Gotland's only known Stone Age dolmen.

From Visby drive along the road 140 towards Tofta. After Tofta church turn following a sign to Gnisvärd.

There are about 350 "ship settings" on Gotland. Especially impressive are the ones in Gnisvärd in Tofta, Rannarve in Klinte, Domarlunden in Lärbro and Gålrum in Alskog.





Glemminge Klövasten submitted by Meginring

Glacial Erratic in Skåne. Klövasten is the official symbol and landmark of the village Glemminge (Glemmingebro).

Kluven sten in official Swedish means 'split stone'. Klöv is the split hoof of an animal. There are also other boulders in Sweden called Klövasten or Klovasten.

Glemminge Klövasten is the single boulder of its kind in this part of Skåne called Österlen. Of course nothing like Uluru (Ayer’s Rock), but it really is a fascinating sight in this otherwise flat landscape.

The official term for a stone like this is flyttblock, which means 'moved boulder'. In this case the boulder has been moved to this erratic location by the glacial forces during the Ice Age.

The legend tells of a witch on the island Bornholm, she thought she heard the church bells in Glemminge. Annoyed by this she hurled a boulder at the church using her garter. But the sun just came up and this made the witch weak. The garter hurled it in such a way that the boulder split and it landed in the nearby field instead.

Whenever the stone smells of pea soup or fresh bread the two halves snap together. This happened once to the village tailor when he was venturing through the stone. He became flat as a pancake and the locals thereafter called his children 'small pancakes', well... this actually sounds a little funnier in Swedish.

Directions: Road 9 from Ystad, east along the coast, to Glemminge.





Kivik submitted

Passage Grave in Skåne

A late Bronze Age passage grave containing a cist with carved stones similar in style to the Swedish rock carvings. The cairn has a diameter of 75m and was restored, after excavation, in 1933.





Kivik-graven, også kaldet "Kongegraven", ved Kivik (tidligere Kivig) i det sydøstlige Skåne er jævngammel med Tut Ankh Amons grav i Egypten (1300 f.Kr.) og er Nordens største bronzealdergrav. Den beregnes at have fordret 200.000 læs sten, og viser at der fandtes en stærk statsmagt i det oldtidlige Skåne allerede for 3.300 år siden. Gravkammeret er pyntet med billeder næsten som havde det været en egyptisk grav, og som ikke ligner andre nordiske helleristninger.

Det gådefulde og imponerende gravmonument har været genstand for megen debat blandt historikerne. Nogle hævder at den der lå i Kivik-graven kunne have været konge over et samlet rige i Danmark allerede i yngre bronzealder, måske endda over hele germaner-folket.



Kivik is a village on the east coast of Scania in southernmost Sweden, in Simrishamn Municipality. It has 1,013 inhabitants (2005) and is located in a part of Scania called Österlen.

Kivik is known for its annual market, usually taking place on the third Monday through Wednesday of July each year. It's also known for its abundant production of herring, apples and apple cider, usually sold in large quantities at the market.

Historically, Kivik is also home to a bronze-age tomb - the 3,000-year-old "King's Grave". It is the largest circular burial site in Sweden, measuring 75 metres in diameter.

The national park of Stenshuvud is situated to the south of the village.

Kivikgravener Nordens største stenrøse (75 m i diameter). Den er fra ældre bronzealder og blev fundet i 1748. Røsen indeholder en tre meter lang stenkiste, der på indersiden er dekoreret med helleristninger. Motiverne omfatter abstrakte, sandsynligvis astronomiske symboler, samt kultoptrin med bl.a. stridsvogn og lurer. Graven har tilhørt en vigtig person og afspejler et europæisk-nærorientalsk verdensbillede fra ca. 1300 f.Kr. Et stort gravfelt med kultbygninger er i yngre bronzealder anlagt ved røsen.

Externe referencer

For yderliger information, prøv at se på følgende hjemmesider:

Ale's Stones

Grooves (archaeology)

Runestone at Asarp

Runestone at Källby

Blommesholm skippssättning

Anund's skippssättning

Gettlinge, Öland

Kivik-graven

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