Megalitter i Skotland
Ikke Lock Ness uhyret
Ja her skal vi ikke fortælle noget om Lock Ness uhyret, men kommer man for at se det, så er der
mange spændende megaliter tæt på detee område.
Gask Stone Circle
Cairn (Clava etc.) in Highland Gask Cairn & Circle NH679358. One of the largest
surviving Clava type cairns. A 3mtr by 3mtr slab only 20cms in depth defines the SW entrance.
Gask Stone Circle
Cairn (Clava etc.) in Highland Gask Cairn & Circle NH679358. One of the largest surviving Clava type cairns. A 3mtr by 3mtr slab only 20cms in depth defines the SW entrance.
Croftcroy Stone Circle
Stone Circle in Highland
Stone circle, also a round cairn. Very covered in gorse but there is a large stone in one
of the bushes, and a circular raised area that looks like a round cairn.
Stone Circle in Highland. A partly destroyed Clava Ringcairn with an 18.2m diameter
external kerb of contiguous stones. The north-eastern portion of the site was removed
in the early part of the 19th century when a road was built. The internal setting, of which
there is now no trace, had a 7.3m diameter kerb with a paved interior. The outer stone circle
is ruined with only 1 upright surviving 5.5m from the outer kerb.
Easily the most awe-inspiring prehistoric site in Scotland, the Ring of Brodgar (also known as Brogar) lies on a promontory between two lochs. The stone circle is quite complete, and one of the biggest in Britain.The stones are set within a circular ditch up to 3m deep and 9m across that was hewn out of the solid bedrock by the prehistoric constructors. The surrounding area is full of other standing stones and Bronze Age round barrows, making a significant ritual landscape. Nearby are the Stones of Stenness. The sunset photo above was taken just past the Summer Solstice at about 1.30 in the morning.
An isolated sandstone block situated under an imposing cliff at one edge of a huge glacial valley. There are views in both directions down the valley towards the Orkney Mainland, and to the sea. A square entrance has been cut into the block, with a block appearing to fit the entrance just outside. This sealed the tomb until at least the sixteenth century. Inside the tomb are two cells separated from the entrance by distinct square kerbs (visible in the interior photograph below). There are other carved features inside including a raised "pillow", although the kerbs make it impossible to lie down comfortably inside.
In folklore Trollid, a dwarf famous in the northern sagas was said to live in the tomb - as mentioned in Scott's "The Pirate".
Originally thought to be derived from the rock-cut tombs of Malta and elsewhere, the style is now believed to be of local origin, similar to the lower chambers of Taversoe Tuick on the nearby island of Rousay.
Dating from the 2nd millenium BC and standing at almost four metres high, the Stane o' Quoybune is another example of the numerous solitary standing stones that dot the Orkney landscape. This particular monolith stands in a field in the West Mainland parish of Birsay, near the Stanger farms that took their names from its presence ("Stanger"derives from the Old Norse, "steinn-garðr" meaning "Stone Farm"). The Stane o' Quoybune is another of Orkney's standing stones around which a legend regarding a petrified giant has developed.
Like the Yetnasteen on the island of Rousay, the Stane o' Quoybune travels to the Boardhouse loch each New Year's morning to drink from the cold waters. Local lore dictates that anyone seeing the stone on its anuual trek will not live to see another Hogmanay so it was not surprising that it was not considered safe to remain outdoors after midnightand watch for its movements.
Many stories circulated, most of which are now forgotten, of individuals wishing to see the stone for themselves and whose corpses were invariably found the next morning. One such tale, documented in 1884, tells of a young man from Scotland who upon visiting the islands scoffed at the tale of a walking stone. Much to the horror of the locals, as the hour of midnight approached, the youth set out to begin his watch. As time wore on, the foolish boy began to feel a growing terror gripping him and an eerie feeling crept over his shivering limbs. At midnight he discovered that in his frenzied pacing, he had inadvertantly placed himself between the stone and the loch. Turning to check on the monolith, he was sure he saw it move. From that moment he lost consciousness and his friends found him at dawn lying in a faint. When he regained his senses he "could not satisfy enquirers whether the stone had really moved and knocked him down" or whether the episode was a result of his fevered imagination.
This group of stone circles is at Eskdalemuir, near Lockerbie. One circle of ten stones is complete;just by this circle are two almost-vanished circles.
Most of the stones are one or two feet tall. There are two much larger stones near the main circle; these stand 5'4" tall each and some eight feet apart (the Loupin' Stanes themselves).
Some 500 metres further down the River White Esk is another circle (the Girdle Stanes) that has been partly eroded by the river.
The main circle and the Loupin' Stanes stand on an artificial platform.
A line of stones leads from the Loupin' Stanes to the Girdle Stanes.
The Twelve Apostles in Nithsdale near Dumfries is the largest stone circle on the Scottish mainland. The site is split by a hedge and contains eleven stones (the twelfth one having gone missing sometime in the 19th century---local custom has it that Judas Iscariot was responsible for its loss).
According to Burl's gazeteer A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, it is probably an oval measuring 284 feet by 260 feet and probably originally consisted of 18 stones with a regular spacing of 48 feet. Only four of the stones are local, the others having been quarried from hills some miles away.
Just north of Carsphairn in Galloway is Holm of Daltallochan. In a meadow here lie an irregular oval of thirteen rocks around a slight mound. The stones measure between two and eight feet in length.
The classification of these stones seems to be pretty uncertain. Burl includes them in his 1976 volume The Stone Circles of the British Isles, but they are not in his 1995 A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany.
All the pictures are somewhat distant from the stones -- the farmer, not unreasonably, didn't want the pregnant ewes that he was keeping in that meadow to be disturbed. Do note that some of the objects in the photographs are feeding troughs and sheep, not megaliths!
Carse is at the south west edge of the South Knapdale peninsula. Three megaliths stand here, two close together and aligned north-south with a third some hundred yards away.
CANMORE reports that fragments of Bronze Age plates were found at the base of the stones in the mid-19th century, but that these have since apparently disintegrated (that is, no-one can find them any more).
The tall-thin stone is ten feet tall and two and a half feet wide, the wide stone being eight feet tall and four feet wide. Both are a little over one foot thick.
There is a local tradition that at this spot there was a battle between the Clans Campbell and McIver. The story goes that a number of McIver chiefs were killed by the Campbells when they were caught on a cattle-stealing expedition. Early in the nineteenth century, the land a little away from the stones was being drained and a helmet, inlaid with gold, and several ornamental sword hilts were found.
These stones stand some ten miles north of Glasgow, outside the village of Blanefield, near Duntreath Castle.
On a low hill, between the Blane Water and the track of the West Highland Way--and in a most picturesque setting--are six stones in a close row running approximately south-west to north-east. Only one of the stones is still standing. Two of the stones have no socket and are presumed to have been placed there recently during field clearance.
The stones were generally presumed to be a ruined four-stone row. The area around the stones was excavated in 1972 by Euan MacKie and reported in issue 36 of Current Archaeology. In an editorial note, Andrew Selkirk suggested that they may have been part of the facade of a long cairn. Aubrey Burl in Carnac to Callanish seemed inclined to agree with this suggestion. From a fairly sentimental point-of-view, I can well understand some major local neolithic figure saying: "Nice spot! You can bury me here." Radiocarbon dating of charcoal found during the 1972 excavation suggested a date around 3400BC or 3500BC.
The stone that is still standing is approximately five feet tall.
This ruined stone circle, thought to be the remains of a four-poster, consists of a pair of stones in a mound of rubble; one of the stones is about four feet high, the other is a stump about three feet high. Holes for two other stones were found.
It has been suggested both that the mound is the remains of a cairn or simply field clearance.
It's not really a site that is worth going out of your way to get to for the sake of seeing the stones...but it is in the beautiful River Almond valley some four miles easy walking from the road on the footpath to Loch Tay - it's worth visiting for the walk.
Just across the track from here is the chambered cairn of Clach na Tiompan - ruinous, but 190 feet long by 40 feet wide and with three visible cists.
This recumbent circle of red and grey granite boulders stands atop a natural mound. Broken urns under some of the stones suggest that this site dates from around 1500BC.
Burl reports that the mound was leveled around the recumbent stone - presumably in order to render the top of the stone horizontal. Much smaller stones were set in the interior of the circle and also around the outside of the stones to give a "paved" surface.
As with many recumbent stone circles in the northeast, the recumbent stone is aligned on a particular moonset position - in this case, the position of moonset at the major standstill.
There are a recumbent stone, two flankers, and seven other stones arranged in a 25-metre diameter circle. Three of the stones are fallen. The tallest stones are about 2 metres in height.
This splendid recumbent stone circle has marvelous views to the south.
The fifteen-foot long grey granite recumbent stone has fallen inwards. On its (currently) upper surface are over thirty cup marks. Its colour contrasts stongly with the red rock (granite and gneiss) of the other stones in the circle. The circle is about 28 yards in diameter. The tall stones flanking the recumbent stone are about six and a half and seven and a half feet tall.
Within the circle is the remains of a ring cairn 21 yards in diameter.
Eight deposits of burnt bone were found within the central space of the ring cairn when it was excavated in 1865.
Upper Fernoch is at the west side of the Knapdale Peninsula near Tayvallich, between Loch Sween and the Sound of Jura.
There are a good number of standing stones, cairns and fortifications in the local area. A quarter of a mile away, but out of sight, is another megalith at Barnashaig. And a quarter of a mile further on, within view of both stones and with splendid views of the Isle of Jura, are the ruinous remains of a hill-top dun.
Situated on the side of a hill near Inverurie in Gordon, off a dead-end road running past a farm, is East Aquhorthies stone circle. This circle, lying within the shadow of Ben Achie, is 19.5 m (64 ft) in diameter, comprises nine stones set in a low bank, a huge 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in) recumbent and two flankers. In addition, in front of the recumbent are two huge blocks of stone delineating an area, perhaps for ceremonial purposes.
The stones in the circle are all of pink porphyry apart from the one next to the east flanker, which is of red jasper. These stones are graded in height decreasing from the 2.25 m (7 ft 4 in) flankers to the stones opposite the recumbent which are 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in) high. The flankers are grey granite, and the recumbent is red granite from near Ben Achie.
Some of the stones have been shaped: for example, the recumbent's outer face has been worked smooth. As with other stone circles, there is a diamond-shaped stone and a waisted, rectangular stone, similar to those found at The Hurlers and Avebury (both in England).
As the site has not been excavated, it is not known whether there is a central cairn, but an early reference to a cist, and the rise in the profile of the interior, suggests that there may have been.
The circle originally had a diameter of 31.7m (104 ft) and a total of 12 stones. Now only four unusually shaped stones remain; the tallest is about 5 m (16 ft) high, but not far away at the southern edge of the Bridge of Brodgar, is an even taller stone of 5.6m (18.5 ft) high and known as the Watch Stone. This may have been part of a line of standing stones linking the Stones of Stenness with the nearby Ring of Brodgar.
Thousands of man-hours must have been devoted to hewing the 2m (6 ft 6 in) deep and 7 m (23 ft) wide ditch from 1250 tons of solid sandstone bedrock. The site dates back to about 2970 BC, but the ditch and outer bank are now almost disappeared; the three stones of the cove were reconstructed on 1906. Actually, the cove has been 'restored' using some fallen stones to form what was then mistakenly thought to have been their original formation.
According to Dr.Robert Henry, an 18th century antiquary, the site was once known as the Temple of the Moon, and the Ring of Brodgar as the Temple of the Sun. There are stories of couples going first to the Temple of the Moon, where the woman fell down on her knees and prayed for strength, and then going to the Temple of the Sun where the man did the same. Each New Year's Day, the local people met at Stenness church and danced and feasted for several days.
On Christmas Day 1814, the tenant farmer, Captain W. MacKay, tried to destroy the Stones, angry that visitors to the site were damaging his fields. MacKay had broken up one stone, locally known as Odin Stone, and felled another before he was stopped. His actions roused the anger of the locals and there were two attempts to set fire to his property
This site dates from about 1800 BC, but precise dates and proven functions have been hard to establish. Callanish I consists of a 13.1 x 11.3m (43 x 37 ft) circle of 13 tall slender Lewisian gneiss stones. In the middle is another stone, the tallest of all (4.75m/15 ft 6 in). Four incomplete avenues lead away, with single rows of stones to the east, south and west, and a double row just east of north. Had all the rows been completed, their axial alignments would have converged at the centre stone.
Inside the circle are the remains of a chambered round cairn of Neolithic type, but archaeologists are undecided whether this was built before or after the stone circle and stone rows. Professor Alexander Thom finds that looking south along the line of the stone avenue gives the point at which midsummer full moon sets behind Clisham.
In the same area there are several other stone circles, like Cnoc Ceann a'Gharaidh (Callanish II), Cnoc Filibhir Bheag (Callanish III) and Ceann Hulavig (Callanish IV).
Local tradition explains the presence of these stones by saying that when giants of old who then lived on the island refused to be Christianed, St.Kieran turned them to stone. Another local belief of this Gaelic-speaking community was that when the sun rose on midsummer morn, the 'shining one' walked along the stone avenue, his arrival heralded by the cuckoo's call. This could be a remnant of the astronomical significance of the Callanish stones.
This unusual site is well described as the Hill o'Many Stanes: around 200 small stones are arranged in 22 apparently parallel rows. Actually, these rows aren't parallel, but fan-shaped, running north to south. There is evidence that suggests that there may originally have been over 600 stones.
Unlike those in Carnac (France), these stones are small, less than 1 m high (3 ft 3 inch) and mostly only a few inches wide. They are set on a south-facing slope, below a cairn lying on top of it.
Professor Alexander Thom thinks the site (which he designated as Mid Clyth) may have had an astronomical function, and that the stones could have formed a kind of grid by means of which observations of the moon were plotted.
The site must have been set up in about 1900 BC. A standing stone, now fallen, 45 m (147 ft) to the west of the cairn, might well have been associated with this prehistoric observatory.
In local tradition, the Hill o'Many Stanes marks the site of a battle between two rival clans, the Keiths and the Gunns. The Gunns won the battle and set up a memorial to the day by burying the dead of both clans in rows, marking the head of each dead warrior with a stone.
For yderliger information, prøv at se på følgende hjemmesider:
astronomical overview of Scotland's megalithic sites
Ancient Scotland - Site List
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